This file was prepared for electronic distribution by the inforM staff. Questions or comments should be directed to firstname.lastname@example.org. The NWSA Project to Improve Service Learning in Women's Studies Supported by a two-year grant from the Fund for the Improvement of Post-secondary Education, NWSA's Project to Improve Service Learning in Women's Studies is a clearinghouse for information about the current state of field experience education in women's studies. Among activities generated since it began in 1979, the Project has sponsored the Women's Studies Service Learning Institute (a week-long faculty development seminar), seven regional workshops (mini-versions of the Institute), and has offered program sessions at the NWSA National Conventions. Workshop Sites, 1980-81: Portland State University, Portland, Oregon--October 24, 1980 De Anza Community College, San Jose, California--October 31, 1980 University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, Colorado--January 30, 1981 Southeast Women's Studies Association Conference, Georgia State University, Atlanta--March 6, 1981 New York Women's Studies Association Conference, SUNY/Buffalo--March 20, 1981 Mid-Atlantic Women's Studies Association Conference, Goucher College, Baltimore--April 4, 1981 Great Lakes Women's Studies Association Conference, Mankato State University, Mankato--April 10, 1981 The National Women's Studies Association Founded in 1977, the National Women's Studies Association (NWSA) is a grassroots organization which draws its membership from all fifty states and associate members from abroad. NWSA offers networking and support for teachers, administrators, and students in women's studies programs, as well as those involved in feminist education in the community. Members receive the Women's Studies Quarterly, a publication which offers articles on teaching women's studies in various settings; reports of Association activities; news of jobs, conferences, institutes, fellowships, and new publications and resources. The National Women's Studies Association meets at an annual conference which brings together thousands of women and men to participate in program panels, workshops, affiliated meetings, working sessions of NWSA regions, caucuses, committees, and task forces. The conference provides opportunities for networking, project development, and sharing among participants. Acknowledgements The editors gratefully acknowledge the contributions of National Women's Studies Association staff members Rebecca Fowler, Dorothy Maxwell and Jan Meriwether. We would also like to thank Mary Scoggins and her associates at Letter Perfect of Landover Hills, MD. PROJECT ADVISORY BOARD Elizabeth Downs, Executive Director, Washington Center for Learning Alternatives Ruth B. Ekstrom, Research Scientist, Educational Testing Service Carol Eliason, Director, Center for Women's Opportunities Kathryn Girard, Co-Director, Project TEAM (Teaching Equity Approaches in Massachusetts) Nancy Hoffman, Ex-Officio, Program Officer, Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education Jane Kendall, Associate Executive Director, National Society for Internships in Experiential Education Morris Keeton, President, Council for the Advancement of Experiential Learning Jessy Leonard, Associate Professor, Counseling and Personnel Services, University of Maryland, College Park Carol Parr, Executive Director, Women's Equity Action League Carol Pearson, Associate Professor, Women's Studies and American Studies, University of Maryland, College Park Sharon Rubin, Director, Experiential Learning Programs, University of Maryland, College Park CONTENTS Introduction Jerilyn Fisher and Elaine Reuben REFLECTIONS AND FORMULATIONS Women Thinking Together: The NWSA Service Learning Institute Barbara Hillyer Davis Service Learning: Three Principles Robert Sigmon Reflections on a Typology for Experiential Education Thomas Haugsby MULTIPLE MODELS Service Learning and the Women's Studies Curriculum Carolyn Shrewsbury The Women's Studies Practicum at Loretto Heights: Case Study for Small Colleges and Small Programs Betsy Jameson Integrating Theory and Practice in a Service Learning Co-Seminar Nancy Schniedewind Bridging Theory and the Practicum: A Course in Women's Studies Melanie Kaye The National Congress of Neighborhood Women: Education in the Community Laura Polla Scanlon Returning Women and Field Experience: A Preliminary Research Study Sharon Rubin The Congressional Internships on Women and Public Policy Phyllis M. Palmer An Internship in Science, Politics and Feminism I. Description of a Pilot Project M. Sue Wagner and Alwynelle S. Ahl II. A Student Perspective Amy N. Moss Feminist Learning Opportunities in Experiential Education Ann Simon VARIOUS VIEWS Setting the Stage for Field Placement Appendix: Format for a Field Supervisor Manual Marti Bombyk The Internship Program at WEAL Fund Maxine Forman Student Impact in Two Community Settings I. The Invisible Women Carolyn Mulford II. Raises not Roses Ellen Cassedy A Student Guide to Field Learning Experiences Lizette Bartholdi, Laurie Bushbaum, Debra Horn, Denise Johnson, Kimberly M. Reynolds-Heiam, Karen Theiler, Robin Williams-Johnson Coping with Difficult Placements: Two Case Studies I. Frustration, Anger and Learning at a Rape Crisis Center Stacey Zlotnick II. Growth Through Conflict in a Student-Directed Project Toni Johnson Reflections on Surviving as an Intern Judy Sorum To Arm the Amazons: Students at Feminist Worksites Kathryn Girard Tools for Guiding and Evaluating Service Learning Appendix: Inventory of Knowledge, Skills and Attitude Objectives Patty Gibbs Assessment of Service Learning: Student Achievement and Program Effectiveness Nancy Ashton Evaluating Service Learning Programs in Women's Studies Ruth B. Ekstrom RESOURCES FOR SERVICE LEARNING IN WOMEN'S STUDIES Additional References Selected Bibliography A Women's Studies Guide to Internship Directories Media Resources for Women's Studies Service Learning Courses Possible Goals for Service Learning in Women's Studies Worksheets: Student Goal Analysis Sample Course Descriptions, Syllabi and Learning Tools Contributors' Notes Response Form CONTRIBUTORS' NOTES Alwynelle Ahl is a professor in the Department of Natural Science at Michigan State University, specializing in zoology and biology. She has supervised many women's studies students during independent study on women and biology. Recently, she and Amy Moss submitted a paper to Ms. called "Pregnancy and Predicting Medicine: A Neglected Area of Women's Health." M. Sue Wagner is the Legislative Liaison for Michigan NOW. She is an elected member of the state board, and coordinates between NOW's lobbyist board and membership. Her interests include work on legislative issues with the Michigan Consumer Council. Lizette Bartholdi is hard at work on her B.A. in women's studies. She loves women's music and is involved with a holistic health care clinic in Minneapolis. Laurie Bushbaum graduated as a women's studies student in June, 1980, then spent the summer in Scandanavia where she studied the language and absorbed the culture. One of her hobbies is quilting. Debra Horn is a linguistics major. She plays the French horn and enjoys traveling. Denise A. Johnson is in her last year working toward a B.A. in social work at the University of Minnesota. She would like to work with children upon graduation. Kimberly Reynolds-Heiam continues to be an active member of NOW, working for passage of the ERA. She studies pre-med at the University of Minnesota. Karen Theiler, from Fridley, Minnesota, is an English major at the University of Minnesota. She currently lives in Minneapolis. Robin Williams-Johnson lives in St. Paul with her two daughters and her husband. Currently she is studying creative writing and Spanish, intending to continue developing her language skills in Mexico next year. She would like to go on to graduate school in women's studies. Marti Bombyk is a doctoral candidate in social work and psychology at the University of Michigan. She has taught women's studies for four years, developing "Women in the Community" as well as courses about the family and social work practice. A political activist, she has experienced working with both the feminist and labor markets. Ellen Cassedy was recently appointed Program Director of Working Women, a two year project funded by FIPSE to develop, test and disseminate a counseling and curriculum program for mid-life and older women workers. Before becoming one of the founders and staff director of 9to5, she was a clerk-typist at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. Barbara Hillyer Davis is Director of the Women's Studies Program of the University of Oklahoma and a member of the Policy Committee of the Women's Resource Center of Norman, Oklahoma. She has been treasurer of the Steering Committee of the National Women's Studies Association, and has been active in the development of the South Central Women's Studies Association. Ruth Ekstrom is a Senior Research Scientist in the Division of Educational Research and Evaluation at Educational Testing Services. She is Directing two research projects on life experience learning of adult women and its relevance to paid employment. Maxine Forman is the Associate Director of the WEAL Fund Intern Program, and former English teacher in the New York City high schools. She received an M.A. from George Washington University in 1976 as a "returning woman." In graduate school she focused on domestic violence and on sex discrimination in educational policy and practices at the local and federal levels. She views her teaching experience as well as her background in women's studies and women's issues as assets in working with interns at the Fund. Patty Gibbs is a doctoral degree candidate in the College of Human Resources and Education at West Virginia University. She specializes in curriculum development and incorporating women's studies in the undergraduate social work curriculum. For the past three years she has been placing and advising social work students in their practice and teaching a women's studies course in social work. Kathryn Girard is currently co-directing Project TEAM (Teaching Equity Approaches in Massachusetts). She has been involved in the women's movement for the past ten years, working with campus-based women's centers and other feminist organizations. She also chairs The Academic Council of Beacon College, a post-secondary institution for self-directed learning. Thomas Haugsby serves on the Board of Directors of the National Society for Internships and Experiential Education. He has authored several articles on learning and experiential-based education. He is an Associate Professor of Cooperative Education at Antioch College. Betsy Jameson is the director of the Research Center on Women and the Women's Studies Minor at Loretto Heights College in Denver. A Ph.D. candidate in American Culture at the University of Michigan, her major fields are women's history and working class history. Recently Betsy produced an hour-long slide tape on working class families in the Cripple Creek gold mining district. Her interest in service learning dates back to her undergraduate experiences at Antioch College. Toni Johnson is currently an undergraduate student majoring in Government and Politics. She plans to attend law school in the fall, where she expects to specialize in women's and domestic law. Melanie Kaye is a long time activist and women's studies teacher, currently at Goddard College and University of New Mexico, Albuquerque. She is a poet (We Speak in Code, Motheroot, 1980) and writer, published in various lesbian and feminist journals and anthologies. She works in the movement to stop violence against women and is co-authoring a book on women and violence. Amy Moss has just finished her senior year at Michigan State University. Currently she works with the State Legislative office, partly as a result of her service learning experience as an undergraduate. Amy looks forward to graduate school in Public Affairs/Public Administration. Carolyn Mulford was a freelance writer of travel articles and a Peace Corps volunteer in Ethiopia before she assumed her current position as editor of "Synergist", a quarterly published by the National Center for Service-Learning. She is also on the staff of the NEA Journal. Phyllis Palmer taught women's history at Mount Holyoke for five years, then began as Academic Coordinator of George Washington University's Women's Studies Masters Program. She is also coordinating Congressional Fellowships on Women and Public Policy at George Washington University. Sharon Rubin, who is Director of Experiential Learning Programs at the University of Maryland, College Park, has been involved with women's studies since teaching her first course on women in 1971. A member of the Women's Studies Advisory Committee at College Park, she is particularly interested in the concerns of returning women students. As a Kellogg Fellow, 1980-1983, she will be spending part of her time exploring personnel policies and decision-making in large corporations. Laura Polla Scanlon has long been involved in student-centered service learning. She completed her doctorate at Union Graduate School and has been both a teacher and curriculum developer with the National Congress of Neighborhood Women College Program. Currently director of NCNW's Education Program, she is able to integrate her interest in experiential learning with feminist education and community development. Nancy Schniedewind coordinates women's studies at S.U.N.Y./New Paltz, where she is an Associate Professor of Educational Studies. Having taught women's studies for eight years, she is now developing a course called "Issues of Racism" and working under a WEAA grant to complete "Won for All," an educational board game about women's and minority history. Carolyn Shrewsbury directs the women's studies program at Mankato State University in Minnesota. She has chaired the Minnesota State College System on the Status of Women and has been active in supporting the leadership potential of community women. As a supervisor of women studies interns for over two years, she is particularly interested in discovering ways to convince traditional organizations that women studies students have something meaningful to offer them. Robert Sigmon is assistant director of the Wake Area Health Education Center in Raleigh, North Carolina. He has helped develop and manage service learning models in South Carolina, North Carolina, Georgia and Tennessee. Ann Simon describes herself as an experiential educator at Antioch College where she is also a member of the Women's Studies Coordinating Committee. In the community of Yellow Springs, Ohio, she has been involved in various feminist activities and has served in the Yellow Springs Public School System as a Resource Teacher on Non-Sexist Curriculum Development and Title IX Compliance Offices. Judy Sorum, Special Assistant to the Secretary, Department of Labor, plans in the near future to write about the experiences of women in top level government positions. Previous to her White House Fellowship, she directed The Experiential Learning Program at the University of Maryland, taught "Women in Drama," and chaired the Women's Commission from 1975 to 1977. Stacey Zlotnick is director of a National Science Foundation project which concerns the development, implementation and assessment of career intervention programs for women. She has co-taught "Women and Madness" and run groups on contraception at the University of Maryland. She was a panelist at the NWSA Service Learning Institute in March, 1980. ABOUT THE EDITORS Jerilyn Fisher In addition to coordinating the NWSA Service Learning Project, Jerilyn Fisher directs the Internship Program in Women's Studies at the University of Maryland. She also teaches an interdisciplinary seminar about criminally deviant women in the General Honors Program and will soon teach a new course, "Witches and Saints." Elaine Reuben Elaine Reuben, Project Director, is National Coordinator of the National Women's Studies Association, and Adjunct Associate Professor of Women's Studies at the University of Maryland, College Park. She has taught and supervised women's studies internship students at the University of Maryland and at The George Washington University, where she was Director of Women's Studies from 1975 to 1977.